With children going back to school and being around one another, colds and flu are inevitable. However, there are several ways that parents can prepare for these eventualities before children return to school.
There are several ways that you can prevent cold and flu germs from spreading. Simple everyday actions can be very effective at slowing the spread of these infectious diseases.
Proper and regular hand-washing is absolutely critical. Learning the right ways to wash and dry their hands before and after touching objects that others will come into contact with can significantly slow the spread of germs. Proper hand-washing techniques include:
In addition to the above, children should not touch their eyes, mouth, or nose unless they’ve washed their hands. Hand sanitizers with at least 60% alcohol can be used. Parents can also choose hydrogen peroxide or rubbing alcohol spray where ingredients in hand sanitizer, such as fragrance, are not desired.
Covering sneezes and coughs is another essential way to slow germ spread. Cover these with a tissue, or cough and sneeze into the arm. The proper disposal of tissues and hand washing should also occur after blowing the nose and coughing into the hands.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommend flu vaccines for children aged six months and older. However, they do stress that there are circumstances where these products should not be taken. Some examples include children who:
Because of these reasons and the fact that flu vaccines are available in two forms, obtaining product-specific information will help you make an informed decision. Ask your medical provider for a list of the ingredients in the flu product you’re considering and about any potential side-effects which may arise from flu vaccines.
Your doctor can recommend age-appropriate flu shots for your child, as well as alternative products if your child is currently ill and unable to receive a product until well. To learn more about children's vaccines and the CDC's age/vaccine schedule, click here: https://blog.callondoc.com/blog/immunization-guide
No preventative measure can entirely eliminate the possibility that your child will get sick from cold and flu viruses. That being said, preparations can be made ahead of time in the event that illness does occur.
The only way to confirm your child has a respiratory infection like cold or flu is via testing. Being able to recognize cold and flu symptoms will help you choose the most effective products for shortening illness duration and relieving discomfort.
The symptoms of common cold viruses may come on gradually. Although fever is rare, your child may experience fever and chills. Fatigue and weakness can sometimes accompany other cold symptoms. The most common symptoms are sneezing, runny nose, and a sore throat that can pair with chest discomfort and a mild to moderate cough.
Flu virus symptoms can appear abruptly. Fever and aches are both typical symptoms, with chills being fairly common. Fatigue and weakness usually occurs with the flu, where sneezing, sore throat and stuffy nose may only occur sometimes. If you do have a sore throat, strep can also accompany the flu. Other common symptoms include cough, headache and chest discomfort.
If your child exhibits the symptoms of cold or flu, it’s important they stay home until signs of fever are gone.
Both rest and hydration will help your child reduce cold or flu symptoms and help their immune system fight off these highly contagious infections. Even so, a child who has a fever or doesn’t feel well may not wish to drink anything. This makes encouraging hydration that much more important.
Babies can be in serious danger if dehydrated; watch for dehydration symptoms like infrequent urination and dry lips. If breastfeeding, consider shorter and more frequent feedings to ensure sufficient hydration.
Children may benefit from hydration products like Pedialyte, which is formulated specifically for younger ages. If your child is older, clear liquids like broth can provide hydration as well as nutrition. Juice, popsicles, and sports drinks can also provide hydration.
Rest is absolutely essential for the full recovery from a cld or the flu. To encourage your child to rest, make sure they are as comfortable as possible, especially when feverish. This can involve giving them a lukewarm bath to cool them down and removing extra clothing or blanket layers.
Saline solution in nasal drops or sprays can help make it easier to release mucus from the nose when blowing. A cool-mist humidifier can also be helpful to break up mucus.
According to studies, honey can be more effective than cough medicine at loosening cough for children one year and older. Never give honey to children under one year of age; instead, consult your pediatrician for appropriate products.
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Find out how to get ready for back to school cold and flu season with CallonDoc; visit us today.